Coffee bean located in the group of agricultural products exported from Vietnam, currently ranked number 2 in the world, there are more than 80 countries and territories, mostly concentrated in larger markets such as Germany, Usa, Spain, Italy, ... and the emerging markets such as China, Russia, Korea, Japan,... To help roasters and importers easy choice is a product line of coffee beans to match the quality and price, The Coffee Farmer please share details from definitions to how to distinguish and choose the type of coffee exports most popular today.
COFFEE BEAN WHAT IS?
Coffee, aka coffee material, coffee life, coffee, green ... is the product obtained from the process of primary processing of coffee fruit freshly harvested from farm, besides the method of drying the traditional, the farmer will be applied a number of processing methods, modern (dry processing, wet processing, the processed honey) to create more flavor features of coffee.
COFFEE BEAN HAS WHAT CHARACTERISTIC?
We first observed from the structure of the 1 results coffee would be like, okay. Berries includes the following sections: the resulting crust outer layer, the resulting meat inside, mucous layer, crust, husk, shell, silk, and cause and effect. Which can be divided into 2 main parts: part pericarp (Skin): Include pods on the outside and meat results The grain (Seed): Include crust, husk, shell, silk, and the seeds (which contain endosperm and seed embryo).
The innermost and most important of berries and responsible extract accumulated nutrients for the process of germination of the embryo is called coffee. A coffee pod typically will survive 2 (can results be 1 or 3). The chemical composition of coffee is very important because it directly impacts the taste and aroma of the coffee during the roasting process.
3 WAYS TO DISTINGUISH THE TYPE OF EXPORT COFFEE BEANS
According to the national coffee production will have the classification system different, but here are 3 ways to distinguish the type of export coffee beans are used most commonly used.
Based on the same race/type of coffee:
In Vietnam, as well as in the world there are 2 varieties/ type itself, which is Robusta coffee and Arabica coffee
Coffee Robusta: Berries are round, Robusta coffee beans smaller grain tea coffee (coffee Arabica). The content of caffeine in coffee beans, Robusta about 2 – 4%, Robusta coffee has developed strong and accounted for 30% to 40% of total world production. Robusta coffee is in common use by the flavor.
Coffee Arabica: Berries have an oval shape, curve in the middle groove of coffee, each fruit contains two coffee beans. The content of caffeine in coffee beans, Robusta about 1 – 2%. Arabica trees pros living in the highlands, the climate is cool as Lam Dong, North West ... arabica coffee taste sour interspersed with slight bitterness. Arabica coffee is the main raw material of the genuine coffee, the coffee brand famous in the world.
There are also a number of coffee varieties differ in the amount of less-not to mention as coffee excelsa coffee liberica ...
Based on the method of processing
Previously, the processing of coffee is the farmer apps in the way the traditional way simply harvest the coffee and basking on the background of ventilation that less attention is paid to the standard picking, the proportion of ripe fruit and control the process of fermentation, drying. This will greatly affect the potential flavor there is in coffee. Today that situation has gradually improved over the three methods of processing coffee popular the following:
- The method of processing dry naturally (Natural)
- Method raw honey (Honey)
- Method of wet processing (Wash)
You can find detailed description of each method in article >>> 3 METHODS OF PROCESSING COFFEE THE MOST POPULAR TODAY <<<
Based on the classification system size, quality indicators
Coffee beans after drying, screening will be ray through the perforated metal sheet with a diameter ranging from 8 to 20/64 inches. Size ready less when using only the number of millimeters, which is used by the rate of 1/64 inch. In other words, ready 18 means 18/64 inch, rules out the unit of measurement mm 7.1 mm, similarly ready 16 rule out is 6.3 mm. In Vietnam, the sort of ready common is used for export include:
- Coffee bean screen 18
- Coffee bean screen 16
- Coffee bean screen 14
In addition to the classification system based on the size of each product line will have more quality indicators comes to classification of high-end or commercial type 1 2 or 3 as the ratio of impurities, humidity, rate of seeds black – brown – deeper – broken .... or processing in more depth through the system of modern machinery. From that to which export coffee, there are other names such as coffee CLEAN (clean – shot color remove seeds black), coffee WET POLISH (coffee is moistened then undergo step polishing to remove crust silk silverskin) ...
Coffee beans after being classified according to the quality standard will be packed preserved left in jute bags (jute bag), PP weight 60kg or in big bag Jumbo (1 ton) in order to retain the quality of the taste of coffee, latest coffee is placed on the pallet in ventilated before supply to roasters and exporters.
COFFEE HOW MUCH?
This is a top concern for roasters because it determines directly to the product price, such as share above coffee how much 1kg will depend on the type (Arabica coffee typically will be higher than Robusta coffee); in the process of processing methods (compared with commercial coffee, then the coffee quality will be higher prices); in size (usually the stool ready 18, 16 there will be a higher price than the types are classified willing small). So that based on market segment and target customers that roasters should choose raw coffee beans reasonable.
ADDRESS BUY COFFEE BEANS IN THE CITY PRESTIGIOUS QUALITY WITH COMPETITIVE PRICE
By linking the farmers follow a processing procedure closed, the product line of coffee beans raw material of THE COFFEE FARMER meet the most rigorous standards, is the American market and Japan embraced. We are proud to be the raw material supply of high-quality coffee for the yard roasters of you. CONTACT US TODAY to get advice, quotes, wholesalers, and choosing the sample completely FREE
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